Comparative Digestibility of Nutrients, Energy and Dietary Fiber in Feed Ingredients Fed to Philippine Black Tiaong Native (Sus scrofa domesticus) and Hybrid Pigs
Keywords:Digestibility, Energy, Fiber, Nutrient, Native Pig
AbstractThe study was carried out to compare the digestibility of nutrients, energy and dietary fiber in conventional feed ingredients fed to Philippine black Tiaong native pigs and hybrid pigs. A total of 18 Philippine black Tiaong native and 18 hybrid pigs (PIC L337 × C24) were randomly allotted to 1 of 3 experimental treatments arranged in a 3 × 6 (black Tiaong native pigs) and 2 × 9 (hybrid pigs) Latin square design. A corn basal diet consisting of 95% corn (as-fed basis) and vitamins and minerals was formulated. The next two diets were formulated by mixing 70% of the basal diet with 30% (as-fed basis) soybean meal and rice bran. The apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of nutrients, NDF, ADF and ash and the DE and ME concentration of each ingredient was calculated using the difference procedure. Results showed that ATTD of GE and ME of the diet were greater (P<0.001) for native pigs compared with hybrid pigs. Likewise, the DE and ME of corn, soybean meal and rice bran measured in Philippine black Tiaong native pigs were greater (P<0.001) compared with those measured in hybrid pigs. Philippine black Tiaong native pigs also had greater (P<0.03) ATTD of CP, crude fiber, NDF, ADF, and ash and tended (P=0.08) to have greater ATTD of fat compared with hybrid pigs. The results of this study suggest that Philippine black Tiaong native pigs are more efficient in digesting nutrients as well as their ability to ferment dietary fiber.
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