Sustainability of PALAYAMANAN Project in the Rainfed Lowland and Upland Areas of Bulacan, Philippines


  • Imelda S.A. Navarro Bulacan Agricultural State College
  • Rhuelyn A. Ballaran Bulacan Agricultural State College
  • Imee D. Esguerra Bulacan Agricultural State College



integrated farming, Palayamanan, rice-based farming


Diversified farming system called Palayamanan using rice as base crop integrating vegetables, livestock and other farming activities was undertaken by farmer-cooperators in a synergistic approach. With funds coming from DA-RFO III, location-specific rice-based farming system technologies in the rainfed lowland and upland areas of Bulacan were developed, promoted and extended to the farmers. The active participation of farmers, the energetic monitoring of agricultural extension workers from local government units and the collaborative efforts of research and extension institutions of the government were the key ingredients of sustaining the livelihoods of the farmers even during dry seasons. The process consisted of farmers’ organization, project orientation with LGUs and farmers, site selection and validation, establishment of model farms, capacity enhancement for farmers that covered field school, skills training, field days, Lakbay-aral and cross visits. Participatory technology demonstration, cropping system and variety adaptations appropriate in every location were also done. The capital roll-over of PhP 5,000 helped the fund sourcing for each of 120 farmer-cooperators in the form of loans. The six (6) model farms established were also aided with material inputs. Increased crop yields and crop diversity were achieved as well as profitability and upgraded level of living. Sustainability of the environment, increased knowledge and upgraded skills of the farmers and students involved were the ecological and technical changes attained. The project’s strategies were effective that even after the project implementation, the model farms were still maintained by the farmercooperators.

Author Biographies

Imelda S.A. Navarro, Bulacan Agricultural State College

Institute of Agriculture

Rhuelyn A. Ballaran, Bulacan Agricultural State College

Institute of Engineering

Imee D. Esguerra, Bulacan Agricultural State College

Institute of Management


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